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Luxembourg General Information

Welcome to Luxembourg

The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is located at the very heart of Europe. It is one of the smallest countries in Europe with around 550,000 inhabitants, more than 40% of which are immigrants from 160 countries. Luxembourg is known to be the European Business Hub, a unique gateway to access European markets, do business and to live in an attractive and secure place.

Luxembourg is one of the founding states of the European Union and is well described with the following few words: small, open, multicultural, diversified, stable, and connected.

Visitors are always enthusiastic by the picturesque Old Town and the attractive cultural agenda: theatre and concerts, museums and exhibitions, sightseeing, architecture, sports, shopping, wines, beers and excellent food. For further information, please visit www.lcto.lu.

 

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Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is located at the very heart of Europe. It is one of the smallest countries in Europe with around 550,000 inhabitants, more than 40% of which are immigrants from 160 countries. Luxembourg is known to be the European Business Hub, a unique gateway to access European markets, do business and to live in an attractive and secure place.

Luxembourg is one of the founding states of the European Union and is well described with the following few words: small, open, multicultural, diversified, stable, and connected.

Visitors are always enthusiastic by the picturesque Old Town and the attractive cultural agenda: theatre and concerts, museums and exhibitions, sightseeing, architecture, sports, shopping, wines, beers and excellent food. For further information, please visit www.lcto.lu.

Luxembourg Kirchberg   Luxembourg

- See more at: http://earto-eirma-luxembourg2015.eu/content/about-luxembourg#sthash.5Tg...

Useful Information 

Geography and Climate

The Grand Duchy of Luxembourg is a landlocked country located in the heart of Western Europe. It borders Belgium (148 km) to the west and north, France (73 km) to the south, and Germany (138 km) to the east .The country covers an area of 2,586 sq km.

Luxembourg has a moderate continental climate. January and February can get very cold with temperatures falling as low as -15°C.

Summers can be rather hot, with temperatures in July and August reaching around 30°C.

The north (the Ardennes region) tends to be slightly wetter and colder than the south.

The climate in Greece is mostly dry and temperate. In Athens, the climate is typically Mediterranean with warm and dry summers and mild winters. Rainfall is low – amongst the lowest in Greece - and occurs mostly as short heavy showers in winter. Spring is the best time to travel Athens. The season with temperate weather and moderate level of precipitation wait for tourist from all over the world. The average high stands at high teen while the low at 12°C.

People & Languages

Of the country's 511,840 (January 2011) inhabitants some 90,000 live in Luxembourg City and its immediate surroundings. The number of foreign residents in the Grand Duchy exceeds 43% of the population. It is the highest proportion of foreigners of any EU country. The linguistic situation is special, as there are three official languages in Luxembourg: Lëtzebuergesch, French and German.

Currency

The official currency in Luxembourg is the Euro (€). Most travelers rely on the good ATM network, which is available throughout Luxembourg, especially in more urban areas.

Getting to Luxembourg

By Road

Located at the centre of Western Europe, bordered by Belgium, France and Germany, Luxembourg is connected to the far corners of Europe by an excellent network of motorways. The capital is directly linked to the highways A1, A13, A3, A4, A6, A7.

Distances to Luxembourg

FRANCE
Metz: 60km (L: A3 / F: A31)
Paris: 370km (L: A3 / F: A31)
Strasbourg: 222km (L: A13 / D: A8)
GERMANY
Trier: 48km (L: A1 / D: A64)
Cologne:197km (L: A1 / D: A64)
Frankfurt: 275km (L: A1 / D: A64)
BELGIUM
Brussels:225km (L: A6 / B: E 411)
Liège:168km (L: A6 / B: E411-E25)
                      (L: N7 / B: E24)
Antwerp: 254km (L: A6 / B: E411-E25)

By train

Luxembourg is at the intersection of a number of main railway routes crisscrossing Western Europe. The central station in Luxembourg City, reachable within 10 minutes walking distance from the city centre, is the hub of the national network as well as for international services such as long-distance connections, e.g.Brussels-Basel, or local commuter traffic to Metz in France, Trier in Germany or Arlon in Belgium.

The Société nationale des chemins de fer luxembourgeois (CFL) is the only national railway service.

To buy an international train ticket, please refer to www.raileurope.eu. For a TGV ticket to Paris, visit www.tgv.com or www.cfl.lu.

Please find a map of the national railway network on www.mobiliteit.lu.

By plane

Luxembourg-Findel International Airport is located 6 km outside Luxembourg City. It is served by the national airline Luxair, which flies to a number of EU countries, as well as Air France, KLM, Swiss, Lufthansa and British Airways. Another airline to consider is VLM. For all information relating to inbound and outgoing flights, please visit www.luxairport.lu.

Alternative airports include Ryanair hub Hahn and Brussels-South Charleroi, both about two hours away from Luxembourg and directly reachable by coach. Zweibrücken and Saarbrücken airport are about 140 km and 120 km away from Luxembourg.

Another major airport is Metz-Nancy-Lorraine Airport, which has international and domestic flights from Metz, France and is 70 km from Luxembourg.

Luxembourg Entry Visa

Nationals from certain non-EU countries who wish to visit, transit through or work in Luxembourg must, before their departure, have a valid travel document with a visa issued by a consular authority from one of the countries in the Schengen area.

The visa enables free movement in the Schengen area: Germany, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Spain, Estonia, Finland, France, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia and Sweden.

The nationality of the non-EU national determines whether or not he is obliged to have a visa. Different types of visa exist depending on the duration and nature of the visit.

The Schengen visa must be requested in the applicant's country of residence at the diplomatic or consular mission of the country where the main purpose of the visit lies.

The visa application and attached documents must be translated by a sworn translator if they are not drawn up in German, French or English.

Source: www.guichet.lu

General info

 

Luxembourg is a small country with a well-developed road and rail network. You can reach any place in the country from the capital in less than an hour.

By car

Luxembourg's road infrastructure is well-developed.

Current national speed limits are 50km/h in towns and villages, 90km/h on open country roads, and 130km/h on the motorway (110km/h in the rain).

Parking in Luxembourg City can be tricky on weekends. For this reason, Luxembourg City offers a "Parking Guidance System" which displays the availability of parking spaces per car park on signs throughout the city.

For information about car registration or MOT, please check our Mobility page.

Public transport

The central railway station’s mobility helpdesk and website (Mobilitéitszentral) will help to plan trips by bus or train. They can be reached easily by phone ().

The same tickets are valid on trains as buses and the same rates apply: 1.50€ for two hours (unlimited transfers) or 4€ for one day. A monthly ticket can be purchased for the price of 40€ at some newsstands, in the postal office or at any train station office.

Some train and bus lines experience a reduced service on Saturdays and Sundays.

By train

Trains in Luxembourg are run by the national railroad company CFL. Trains generally run on time, they are modern and comfortable and fares are relatively cheap, which makes travelling by train an option worth considering.

While the south of the country is well covered by the CFL train network, the north is limited to one main line which runs from Luxembourg City via Mersch, Ettelbrück, Wilwerwiltz and Clervaux to Troisvierges. The line continues north into Belgium towards Liège. Diekirch has a branch line to Ettelbrück, and Wiltz has a branch line to Kautenbach. There is also a line to the east that crosses into Germany over the Moselle River at Wasserbillig and ends in Trier.

From an aesthetic point of view, perhaps the best way to approach Luxembourg City is by train from the north via Line 10, as this is a beautiful scenic route through valleys of the Ardennes.

By bus

Within Luxembourg City, the comprehensive bus service is reliable and efficient. Buses numbered 1-25 serve Luxembourg City, with Line 16 going from the city centre to the Airport via Kirchberg. Almost all buses pass the central bus station Hamilius, located close to the city centre, and the railway station (Luxembourg Gare) in their routes. Bus tickets (which are also valid on trains) are available from the driver. A standard ticket costs 1.50€ and will be valid on any bus or train for up to 2 hours after its purchase.

The overland bus service is also extensive. Every village has a number of bus stops which are served at least once every hour during weekdays. On weekends and bank holidays, service may be reduced. Buses numbered 100 and upwards will take you out of the city.

Some local authorities have started their own initatives, which include night buses, linking the villages to the City of Luxembourg during weekend nights, and buses on call, which stop anywhere. Fares for these may be a little bit higher than for the regular service.

For more information about public transportation, please check our Mobility page.

By bike

The streets and countryside in Luxembourg make for good cycling territory. Expect to be charmed by the variety and quality of 575 km of cycling paths across the country.

Many places in the Grand-Duchy offer bike rental.

Furthermore, Luxembourg City and Esch-sur-Alzette offer a bike rental service on a daily basis:

By taxi

Taxis in Luxembourg are rather expensive. The standard fare is 1.02€ per kilometer, but expect to pay a 10% surcharge at night and a 25% surcharge on a Sunday. Asking a taxi to wait for you will cost about 0.33€ per minute.

Taxis can be booked by telephone or hired from designated stops outside public buildings, such as train stations, and in the city centre.

Taxis fares from and to the airport cost about:

  • the Central Station: 20€,
  • the Kirchberg: 20€,
  • the City Centre: 25€,
  • the City of Esch-sur-Alzette: 70 – 80€.

Telephone

The international code for Luxembourg is 00352 (+352).

Hospitals

A 24/7 emergency service is assured in turn by the 5 general hospitals. (Call the emergency hotline 112 for more information)

Pharmacies

A 24/7 emergency service is assured in turn by all the pharmacies. (Call the emergency hotline 112 for more information)

Wi-Fi and Internet Access

Luxembourg ranks 2nd in Europe for Internet connectivity with 8 out of 10 households using high-speed connections.

Considered to be the most successful municipal Wi-Fi network in Europe, the HotCity Wi-Fi network is available in Luxembourg City, as well as in Esch-sur-Alzette, the country’s second largest town, and in Strassen. A number of cafés and bars offer free Internet access as well.

Luxembourg has 100% broadband coverage.

Mobile telephone coverage is excellent.

Electrical Current

Electrical Plug/Outlet and Voltage Information for Luxembourg

Voltage: 220-240 Volts. Primary Socket Type: Europlug, Schuko

Accommodation

Luxembourg has a vast range of tourist accommodation on offer. Whether you are looking for a cosy campsite or a five-star hotel for an extended holiday, a youth hostel or a bed and breakfast for the short stay, a family-run hotel or a holiday appartment for a family holiday, the possibilities will suit every visitor's needs and budget.

The Grand Duchy offers many luxury hotels, be it major hotel chains or more unique hotels owned and managed by independent owners. From Boutique or honeymoon hotels to wellness resorts, the Luxembourg National Tourist Office will guide you towards the accommodation that best suits you.

Luxembourg offers a wide range of campsites, classified according to the Benelux system. The standard of accommodation is generally high and facilities are above average. Most campsites are located near rivers, tourist attractions or close to picturesque villages.

Luxembourg's youth hostels are set in some of the country's most beautiful spots where accommodation varies from modern chalet-style buildings to an old brewery or an atmospheric castle. Luxembourg’s youth hostels have indeed been rated as the best in the world by Hostelling International for the years 2009 and 2010.

Banks

Banks are generally open from 8.30 a.m. to 5 p.m. Regional offices of banks, with less staff, may be closed at lunch time.

Business hours

Local or central administrations open at 9 a.m. and close at 5 p.m. This includes tax offices.

Most retail shops are open from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.

Banks are generally open from 8.30 a.m. to 5 p.m. Regional offices of banks, with less staff, may be closed at lunch time.

Supermarkets are open from 8 a.m. until 8 or 9 p.m. during the week.

Source: http://www.luxembourg.public.lu/en/visit-luxembourg/